Dr Zoe Adelaide Popper

PhD, B.Sc

Contact Details


Botany
319
Ryan Institute for Environmental, Marine and Energy Research
School of Natural Sciences
National University of Ireland Galway

T: +353 91 49 5431
E: zoe.popper@nuigalway.ie
W: http://www.nuigalway.ie/botany/popper_home.html
 
researcher

Biography

My research is focussed on characterising plant and algal cell walls with the aim of better understanding how: 1) their optimal composition has been impacted/altered during evolution and adaptation; 2) they are altered, in extant plants and algae, by biotic (e.g. the presence of pathogens/pests/parasites) and abiotic (e.g. wind, drought, etc) stress and during the growth and development; 3) their components may be used in biotechnology.

My teaching (1st-4th year undergraduate)
reflects my research interests and I use a range of technologies with the aim of stimulating interest and supporting students with a range of learning styles.

I am handling editor for Annals of Botany and BMC Plant Biology for submissions on plant cell walls.  

Listed:
Popper on the International Plant Names Index http://www.ipni.org/index.html 
Publications: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=s5kMmFEAAAAJ&hl=en
ORCID profile: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8048-7351
 

Research Interests

  • Evolution of plant and algal cell walls
  • Structure of plant and algal cell walls
  • Polysaccharide linkages
  • Glycoproteins
  • Plant and algal anatomy and development
  • Plant and algal evolution
  • Plant and algal growth physiology
  • Novel uses of plant and algal cell wall polymers
  • Plant-plant interactions at ecological to cellular levels

 
Research projects:

  • Characterisation of seaweed polysaccharides for prebiotics
  • Characterisation of algal cell wall components for future biotechnological applications
  • Algal growth
  • Evolution and dynamics of collenchymatous cell walls
  • C-Fern cell walls
  • Plant-plant/host-parasite interactions

Research Projects

  Project Start Date End Date
SEAWEEDS AS A SOURCE OF NON DIGESTIBLE COMPLEX POLYSACCHARDIE COMPONENTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NOVEL PREBIOTIC INGREDIENTS FOR THE FUNCTIONAL FOOD INDUSTRY D STENGEL/Z POPPER 01-JUL-14 30-NOV-17
WALK TALK INCREASING OPPORTUNITY FOR DIALOGUE ABOUT PLANT AND ALGAE CELL WALL DIVERSITY ZOE POPPER 01-DEC-12 30-MAY-13
IRCSET PD/2011/2326 EVOLUTION AND DYNAMICS OF COLLENCHYMATOUS CELL WALLS ZOE POPPER 01-NOV-11 31-OCT-13
CHARACTERISATION OF ALGAL CELL WALL COMPONENTS, Z POPPER 01-OCT-11 30-SEP-15
INFLUENCE OF WATER TEMPERATURE AND CALCIUM CONCENTRATION ON CHAROPHYTE GROWTH, ZOE POPPER 01-AUG-11 31-DEC-15
IRCSET EMBARK ZOE POPPER ANNA PIELACH 01-OCT-09 30-SEP-13
MF08P45 PLANT CELL WALL POLYSACCHARIDES Z POPPER 12-JAN-09 31-JUL-10
CELL WALL POLYSACCHARIDES IN CHAROPHYTES Z POPPER 01-FEB-07 31-AUG-09

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
(2016) 'Getting ready for host invasion: elevated expression and action of xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in developing haustoria of the holoparasitic angiosperm Cuscuta'
Olsen, S,Striberny, B,Hollmann, J,Schwacke, R,Popper, ZA,Krause, K (2016) 'Getting ready for host invasion: elevated expression and action of xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in developing haustoria of the holoparasitic angiosperm Cuscuta'. Journal Of Experimental Botany, 67 :695-708 [DOI] [Details]
(2016) 'Immunolocalization of cell wall carbohydrate epitopes in seaweeds: presence of land plant epitopes in Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyceae)'
Raimundo SC, Avci U, Hopper C, Pattathil S, Hahn MG, Popper ZA. (2016) 'Immunolocalization of cell wall carbohydrate epitopes in seaweeds: presence of land plant epitopes in Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyceae)'. Planta, 243 :337-354 [DOI] [Details]
(2016) 'Two sides of the same coin: xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in host infection by the parasitic plant Cuscuta'
Olsen S, Popper ZA, Krause K. (2016) 'Two sides of the same coin: xyloglucan endotransglucosylases/hydrolases in host infection by the parasitic plant Cuscuta'. Plant signaling & behavior, [Details]
(2016) 'Bioinformatic Identification and Analysis of Extensins in the Plant Kingdom'
Liu, X,Wolfe, R,Welch, LR,Domozych, DS,Popper, ZA,Showalter, AM (2016) 'Bioinformatic Identification and Analysis of Extensins in the Plant Kingdom'. Plos One, 11 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Arabinogalactan protein-rich cell walls, paramural deposits and ergastic globules define the hyaline bodies of rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae haustoria'
Pielach, A,Leroux, O,Domozych, DS,Knox, JP,Popper, ZA (2014) 'Arabinogalactan protein-rich cell walls, paramural deposits and ergastic globules define the hyaline bodies of rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae haustoria'. Annals Of Botany, 114 :1359-1373 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Disruption of the microtubule network alters cellulose deposition and causes major changes in pectin distribution in the cell wall of the green alga, Penium margaritaceum'
Domozych, DS,Sorensen, I,Sacks, C,Brechka, H,Andreas, A,Fangel, JU,Rose, JKC,Willats, WGT,Popper, ZA (2014) 'Disruption of the microtubule network alters cellulose deposition and causes major changes in pectin distribution in the cell wall of the green alga, Penium margaritaceum'. Journal Of Experimental Botany, 65 :465-479 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Plant and algal cell walls: diversity and functionality PREFACE'
Popper, ZA,Ralet, MC,Domozych, DS (2014) 'Plant and algal cell walls: diversity and functionality PREFACE'. Annals Of Botany, :1043-1048 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Pectin Metabolism and Assembly in the Cell Wall of the Charophyte Green Alga Penium margaritaceum'
Domozych, DS,Sorensen, I,Popper, ZA,Ochs, J,Andreas, A,Fangel, JU,Pielach, A,Sacks, C,Brechka, H,Ruisi-Besares, P,Willats, WGT,Rose, JKC (2014) 'Pectin Metabolism and Assembly in the Cell Wall of the Charophyte Green Alga Penium margaritaceum'. Plant Physiol, 165 :105-118 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Comparative glycan profiling of Ceratopteris richardii 'C-Fern' gametophytes and sporophytes links cell-wall composition to functional specialization'
Eeckhout, S,Leroux, O,Willats, WGT,Popper, ZA,Viane, RLL (2014) 'Comparative glycan profiling of Ceratopteris richardii 'C-Fern' gametophytes and sporophytes links cell-wall composition to functional specialization'. Annals Of Botany, 114 :1295-1307 [DOI] [Details]
(2013) 'Ceratopteris richardii (C-Fern): a model for investigating adaptive modification of vascular plant cell walls'
Leroux, O,Eeckhout, S,Viane, RLL,Popper, ZA (2013) 'Ceratopteris richardii (C-Fern): a model for investigating adaptive modification of vascular plant cell walls'. Frontiers in Plant Science, 4 [DOI] [Details]
(2013) 'Heterogeneity of silica and glycan-epitope distribution in epidermal idioblast cell walls in Adiantum raddianum laminae'
Leroux, O,Leroux, F,Mastroberti, AA,Santos-Silva, F,Van Loo, D,Bagniewska-Zadworna, A,Van Hoorebeke, L,Bals, S,Popper, ZA,Mariath, JED (2013) 'Heterogeneity of silica and glycan-epitope distribution in epidermal idioblast cell walls in Adiantum raddianum laminae'. Planta, 237 :1453-1464 [DOI] [Details]
(2012) 'Cell wall evolution and diversity'
Fangel JU, Ulvskov P, Knox JP, Mikkelsen MD, Harholt J, Popper ZA, Willats WG. (2012) 'Cell wall evolution and diversity'. Frontiers in Plant Science, 3 [DOI] [Details]
(2011) 'Evolution and diversity of plant cell walls: from algae to flowering plants'
Popper ZA, Michel G, Hervé C, Domozych DS, Willats WG, Tuohy MG, Kloareg B, Stengel DB (2011) 'Evolution and diversity of plant cell walls: from algae to flowering plants'. Annu Rev Plant Biol, 62 :567-590 [DOI] [Details]
(2011) 'Algal chemodiversity and bioactivity: sources of natural variability and implications for commercial application'
Stengel DB, Connan S, Popper ZA (2011) 'Algal chemodiversity and bioactivity: sources of natural variability and implications for commercial application'. Biotechnology Advances, 29 (5):483-501 [DOI] [Details]
(2010) 'Beyond the green: understanding the evolutionary puzzle of plant and algal cell walls'
Popper ZA, Tuohy MG (2010) 'Beyond the green: understanding the evolutionary puzzle of plant and algal cell walls'. Plant Physiology, 153 :514-525 [Details]
(2010) 'Taxonomic revision of European Apium L. s.l.: Helosciadium W.D.J. Koch restored'
Ronse AC, Popper ZA, Preston JC, Watson MF. (2010) 'Taxonomic revision of European Apium L. s.l.: Helosciadium W.D.J. Koch restored'. Plant Syst Evol, 287 :1-17 [Details]
(2010) 'A comprehensive toolkit of plant cell wall glycan-directed monoclonal antibodies'
Pattathil S, Avci U, Baldwin D, Swennes AG, McGill JA, Popper Z, Bootten T, Albert A, Davis RH, Chennareddy C, Dong R, O'Shea B, Rossi R, Leoff C, Freshour G, Narra R, O'Neil M, York WS, Hahn MG (2010) 'A comprehensive toolkit of plant cell wall glycan-directed monoclonal antibodies'. Plant Physiol, 153 (2):514-525 [DOI] [Details]
(2008) 'Xyloglucan-pectin linkages are formed intra-protoplasmically, contribute to wall-assembly, and remain stable in the cell wall'
Popper ZA, Fry SC (2008) 'Xyloglucan-pectin linkages are formed intra-protoplasmically, contribute to wall-assembly, and remain stable in the cell wall'. Planta, 227 (4):781-794 [DOI] [Details]
(2008) 'Evolution and diversity of green plant cell walls'
Popper ZA (2008) 'Evolution and diversity of green plant cell walls'. Current opinion in plant biology, 11 (3):286-292 [DOI] [Details]
(2006) 'The Cell Walls of Pteridophytes and other green plants (invited review)'
Popper ZA. (2006) 'The Cell Walls of Pteridophytes and other green plants (invited review)'. The Fern Gazette, 17 :315-332 [Details]
(2005) 'Widespread occurrence of a covalent linkage between xyloglucan and acidic polysaccharides in suspension-cultured angiosperm cells'
Popper ZA, Fry SC (2005) 'Widespread occurrence of a covalent linkage between xyloglucan and acidic polysaccharides in suspension-cultured angiosperm cells'. Annals of botany, 96 (1):91-99 [DOI] [Details]
(2004) 'Primary Cell Wall Composition of Pteridophytes and Spermatophytes'
Popper ZA, Fry SC. (2004) 'Primary Cell Wall Composition of Pteridophytes and Spermatophytes'. New Phytologist, 164 :165-174 [Details]
(2004) '3-O-Methylrhamnose in lower land plant primary cell walls'
Popper ZA, Sadler IH, Fry SC. (2004) '3-O-Methylrhamnose in lower land plant primary cell walls'. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 32 :279-289 [Details]
(2003) 'Primary cell wall composition of bryophytes and charophytes'
Popper ZA, Fry SC (2003) 'Primary cell wall composition of bryophytes and charophytes'. Annals Of Botany, 91 :1-12 [Details]
(2003) 'alpha-D-Glucuronosyl-(1-->3)-L-galactose, an unusual disaccharide from polysaccharides of the hornwort Anthoceros caucasicus'
Popper ZA, Sadler IH, Fry SC (2003) 'alpha-D-Glucuronosyl-(1-->3)-L-galactose, an unusual disaccharide from polysaccharides of the hornwort Anthoceros caucasicus'. Phytochemistry, 64 (1):325-335 [Details]
(2001) '3-O-methyl-d-galactose residues in lycophyte primary cell walls'
Popper ZA, Sadler IH, Fry SC (2001) '3-O-methyl-d-galactose residues in lycophyte primary cell walls'. Phytochemistry, 57 :711-719 [Details]

Conference Publications

  Year Publication
(2011) 12th Bratislava Symposium on Saccharides
Tuohy MG, Ayyachamy M, O’Donovan A, Gupta VK, Waters DM, Shier M, Brebion J, Stengel DB, Popper ZA. (2011) Enzymatic deconstruction of plant biopolymers by the thermophilic fungus Talaromyces emersonii 12th Bratislava Symposium on Saccharides Slovakia, , 29-AUG-11 - 30-AUG-11 [Details]
(2007) International Cell Wall Meeting, Copenhagen published in Physiologia Plantarum 130
McCann A, Benanti G, Knox JP, Popper ZA (2007) The occurrence of arabinogalactan proteins in charophytes (stoneworts): Abstract 125 International Cell Wall Meeting, Copenhagen published in Physiologia Plantarum 130 [Details]
(2006) Irish Plant Scientists Association Meeting Galway
Marshall SA, Piggott CO, Sheehy-Skeffington M, Popper ZA, Tuohy MG. (2006) Biochemical analysis of aqueous extracts of two hedgerow fruits Rubus fruticosus agg. and Prunus spinosa Irish Plant Scientists Association Meeting Galway [Details]
(2006) Meeting of the Society for Glycobiology, Published in Glycobiology 16
Tuomivaara ST, Popper ZA, Bootten TJ, O'Neill M, Freshour G, York WS, Hahn MG (2006) Epitope characterisation of tamarind xyloglucan reactive monoclonal antbodies Meeting of the Society for Glycobiology, Published in Glycobiology 16 [Details]
(2003) British Bryologocal Society Meeting published in Field Bryologist 82
Popper ZA, Sadler IH, Fry SC (2003) Evolution and composition of Bryophyte primary cell walls British Bryologocal Society Meeting published in Field Bryologist 82 , pp.33-34 [Details]

Edited Books

  Year Publication
(2011) The Plant Cell Wall: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology Volume 715.
Popper ZA (Ed.). (2011) The Plant Cell Wall: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology Volume 715 The Plant Cell Wall: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology Volume 715. New Jersey, USA: Humana Press. [Details]

Conference Contributions

  Year Publication
(2016) In-vitro fermentation of whole seaweed and polysaccharide-rich extract derived from the edible red seaweed Palmaria palmata,
Cherry P, Yadav S, O’Callaghan C, Popper Z, Ross P, McSorley E, Allsopp P, Stanton C. (2016) Phytochemicals and Health: New perspectives on plant-based nutrition. [Poster Presentation], In-vitro fermentation of whole seaweed and polysaccharide-rich extract derived from the edible red seaweed Palmaria palmata, Phytochemicals and Health: New perspectives on plant-based nutrition , 21-MAR-16 - 22-MAR-16. [Details]
(2016) Distribution of mixed-linkage glucan in the fern Ceratopteris richardii suggests a functional role in wall strengthening,
Eeckhout S, Doblin M, Bacic A, Popper ZA, Willats WGT, Viane R, Leroux O. (2016) 3rd Annual Meeting on Plant Ecology and Evolution. [Poster Presentation], Distribution of mixed-linkage glucan in the fern Ceratopteris richardii suggests a functional role in wall strengthening, Gent , 05-FEB-16 - 05-FEB-16. [Details]
(2016) Extraction of Polysaccharides from Four Irish Seaweeds,
O’Callaghan C, Popper ZA. (2016) International Seaweed Symposium. [Poster Presentation], Extraction of Polysaccharides from Four Irish Seaweeds, Copenhagen , 19-JUN-16 - 24-JUN-16. [Details]
(2016) Stomatal cell wall crystalinity: distinctive structural patterns in diverse phylogenetic groups,
Shtein I, Shelef Y, Marom Z, Bar-On B, Popper ZA, Zelinger E, Schwartz A, Harpaz S. (2016) 14th International Cell Wall Meeting. [Oral Presentation], Stomatal cell wall crystalinity: distinctive structural patterns in diverse phylogenetic groups, Chania, Crete , 12-JUN-16 - 17-JUN-16. [Details]
(2016) Plant cell walls: diverse and dynamic. Invited speaker;,
Popper ZA. (2016) Renewable Resources and Biorefineries 12. [Invited Lecture], Plant cell walls: diverse and dynamic. Invited speaker;, Gent , 30-MAY-16 - 01-JUN-16. [Details]
(2016) Wall stories: the role of plant cell walls in parasitic interactions,
Popper ZA, Pielach A, Olsen S, Krause K. (2016) 3rd Annual Meeting on Plant Ecology and Evolution. [Invited Lecture], Wall stories: the role of plant cell walls in parasitic interactions, Gent , 05-FEB-16 - 05-FEB-16. [Details]
(2016) Distribution of mixed-linkage glucan in Ceratopteris richardii petioles suggests a functional role in cell wall strengthening,
Eeckhout S, Doblin M, Bacic T, Popper ZA, Willats W, Viane R, Leroux O. (2016) 14th International Cell Wall Meeting. [Poster Presentation], Distribution of mixed-linkage glucan in Ceratopteris richardii petioles suggests a functional role in cell wall strengthening, Chania, Crete , 12-JUN-16 - 17-JUL-16. [Details]
(2016) Cell age changes target specificity and activity of cell wall-modifying enzymes in early and late diverging charophytes (Klebsormidium, Zygema),
Herberger K, Popper ZA, Holzinger A. (2016) 14th International Cell Wall Meeting. [Poster Presentation], Cell age changes target specificity and activity of cell wall-modifying enzymes in early and late diverging charophytes (Klebsormidium, Zygema), Chania, Crete , 12-JUN-16 - 17-JUN-16. [Details]
(2016) Collenchyma in ferns? Delayed sclerification maintains mechanical tissue in a collenchymatous phase in Asplenium rutifolium,
Leroux O, Edeer M, Saxe F, Popper ZA, Viane R, Knox JP. (2016) 3rd Annual Meeting on Plant Ecology and Evolution. [Poster Presentation], Collenchyma in ferns? Delayed sclerification maintains mechanical tissue in a collenchymatous phase in Asplenium rutifolium, Gent , 05-FEB-16 - 05-FEB-16. [Details]
(2015) IPSAM,
Cherry P, Popper ZA, McSorley EM, Allsopp PJ. (2015) Partial desalination of four Irish seaweeds in a lyophilized powder form. [Oral Presentation], IPSAM, Maynooth , 11-MAY-15 - 12-MAY-15. [Details]
(2015) IPSAM,
Popper ZA, Pielach A, Olsen S, Krause K. (2015) Plant-plant interactions: remodelling cell walls during parasitism. [Oral Presentation], IPSAM, Maynooth , 11-MAY-15 - 12-MAY-15. [Details]
(2015) Environ,
O’Callaghan C, Popper ZA. (2015) Methods of Algal Polysaccharide Extraction: Analysis and Optimisation. [Poster Presentation], Environ, Sligo , 08-APR-15 - 10-APR-15. [Details]
(2015) IPSAM,
O’Callaghan C, Popper ZA. (2015) Methods of Algal Polysaccharide Extraction: Analysis and Optimisation. [Poster Presentation], IPSAM, Maynooth , 11-MAY-15 - 12-MAY-15. [Details]
(2015) Gordon Research Conference on Plant Cell Walls,
Popper ZA. (2015) Photosynthetic eukaryotes: diversity and specialisation in cell walls. [Invited Oral Presentation], Gordon Research Conference on Plant Cell Walls, Bentley University, USA , 12-JUL-15 - 17-JUL-15. [Details]
(2015) Gordon Research Conference on Plant Cell Walls,
SC Raimundo, MG Hahn, Popper ZA. (2015) Application of vascular plant cell wall carbohydrate-directed monoclonal antibodies for the study of brown seaweed (Phaeophyceae) cell walls. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Conference on Plant Cell Walls, Bentley University, USA , 12-JUL-15 - 17-JUL-15. [Details]
(2015) Gordon Research Conference on Plant Cell Walls,
Tinaz B, Sun L, Lietz AP, Patten ML, Keehn P, Ritter E, Raimundo SC, Popper ZA, Domozych DS. (2015) Dissecting plant cell wall development one polymeric domain at a time using the unicellular charophyte, Penium margaritaceum. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Conference on Plant Cell Walls, Bentley University, USA , 12-JUL-15 - 17-JUL-15. [Details]
(2015) European Phycological Congress (EPC6),
Raimundo S, O’Callaghan C, Popper ZA. (2015) Algal cell walls: evolution and diversity. [Poster Presentation], European Phycological Congress (EPC6), London , 24-AUG-15 - 28-AUG-15. [Details]
(2015) Nutramara conference,
Popper ZA, Cherry P, O’Callaghan C, McSorley EM, Allsopp PJ. (2015) Extraction of polysaccharides from four Irish seaweeds. [Poster Presentation], Nutramara conference, Dublin , 29-JUN-15 - 30-JUN-15. [Details]
(2014) From fossils to the genome,
Nasheuer H.P. Popper ZA. (2014) ‘Facing Neanderthals’ - A Facebook experience relating to the 150th anniversary of ‘Homo neanderthalensis’. [Poster Presentation], From fossils to the genome, Galway , 23-MAY-14 - 25-MAY-14. [Details]
(2014) From fossils to the genome,
Popper ZA. Nasheuer H.P. (2014) ‘Living with Neanderthals’ - A Facebook experience relating to the 150th anniversary of ‘Homo neanderthalensis’. [Poster Presentation], From fossils to the genome, Galway , 23-MAY-14 - 25-MAY-14. [Details]
(2013) 13th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Pielach A, Allison GG, Popper ZA. (2013) Lignin as a contributor to virulence rather than defence? novel insights from parasitic haustoria. [Poster Presentation], 13th International Cell Wall Meeting, Nantes , 07-JUL-13 - 12-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) 13th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Domozych DS, Popper ZA. (2013) WallEvo: a comprehensive online resource for plant cell wall evolution studies. [Poster Presentation], 13th International Cell Wall Meeting, Nantes , 07-JUL-13 - 12-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) 13th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Eeckhout S, Leroux O, Willats WGT, Popper ZA, Viane RLL. (2013) Ceratopteris richardii (C-fern): a model for investigating adaptive modification of vascular plant cell walls. [Poster Presentation], 13th International Cell Wall Meeting, Nantes , 07-JUL-13 - 12-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting,
Raimundo S, Popper ZA. (2013) Arabinogalactan proteins in seaweeds: taxonomic and seasonal variation. [Poster Presentation], Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting, Valencia , 03-JUL-13 - 06-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting,
Domozych DS, Popper ZA. (2013) WallEvo: a comprehensive online resource for plant cell wall evolution studies. [Poster Presentation], Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting, Valencia , 03-JUL-13 - 06-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) XIIIth International Cell wall Meeting,
Popper ZA (2013) Session on cell wall evolution. [Co-chaired Session], XIIIth International Cell wall Meeting, Nantes , 07-JUL-13 - 12-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) 13th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Raimundo S, Popper ZA. (2013) Arabinogalactan proteins in seaweeds: taxonomic and seasonal variation. [Poster Presentation], 13th International Cell Wall Meeting, Nantes , 07-JUL-13 - 12-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting,
Pielach A, Allison GG, Domozych DS, Knox JP, Popper ZA. (2013) Cell wall diversity in the haustoria of hemiparasitic plants Rhinanthus minor and Odontites vernus (Orobanchaeceae). [Oral Presentation], Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting, Valencia , 03-JUL-13 - 06-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting,
Pielach A, Allison GG, Popper ZA. (2013) Lignin as a contributor to virulence rather than defence? - novel insights from parasitic plant haustoria. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting, NUI Galway , 16-MAY-13 - 17-MAY-13. [Details]
(2013) Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Annual Meeting,
Popper ZA (2013) Session on cell wall evolution anf diversity. [Co-chaired Session], Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Annual Meeting, Valencia , 03-JUL-13 - 06-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) Irish Plant Scientists’ Association meeting,
Popper ZA. (2013) Fascination of Plants Day. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists’ Association meeting, NUI Galway , 17-MAY-13 - 17-MAY-13. [Details]
(2013) 13th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Leroux O, Sarkar P, Allison GG, Auer M, Knox JP, Popper ZA. (2013) Exploring architectural wall heterogeneity: celery collenchyma as case study. [Poster Presentation], 13th International Cell Wall Meeting, Nantes , 07-JUL-13 - 12-JUL-13. [Details]
(2013) Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting,
Leroux O, Knox JP, Viane RLL, Popper ZA. (2013) Collenchyma in ferns? An in situ analysis of mechanical tissue in Asplenium rutifolium petioles. [Oral Presentation], Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) annual meeting, Valencia , 03-JUL-13 - 06-JUL-13. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Conference on Plant Cell Walls,
Popper ZA (2012) Cell wall evolution session. [Chaired Session], Gordon Conference on Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, USA , 05-AUG-12 - 10-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Annual meeting on Plant Ecology and Evolution,
Eeckhout S, Leroux O, Popper ZA, Viane RLL. (2012) Ceratopteris richardii (C-fern): a model system for investigating tissue-specific cell wall architecture and metabolism. [Poster Presentation], Annual meeting on Plant Ecology and Evolution, Meise , 18-NOV-12 - 18-NOV-12. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Research Seminar Plant Cell Walls,
Raimundo S, Popper ZA. (2012) Composition and localisation of algal cell wall components. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Seminar Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, ME, USA , 04-AUG-12 - 05-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Research Conference Plant Cell Walls,
Raimundo S, Popper ZA. (2012) Composition and localisation of algal cell wall components. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Conference Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, ME, USA , 05-AUG-12 - 10-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Research Seminar - Plant Cell Walls,
Leroux O, Popper ZA. (2012) Collenchyma: a versatile mechanical tissue with dynamic cell walls. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Seminar - Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, ME, USA , 04-AUG-12 - 05-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls,
Leroux O, Popper ZA. (2012) Collenchyma: a versatile mechanical tissue with dynamic cell walls. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, ME, USA , 05-AUG-12 - 10-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Research Seminar - Plant Cell Walls,
Pielach A, Popper ZA. (2012) The frontiers of hemiparasitic attack: patterns of haustorial cell wall composition in two Orobanchaceae species. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Seminar - Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, ME, USA , 04-AUG-12 - 05-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls,
Pielach A, Popper ZA. (2012) The frontiers of hemiparasitic attack: patterns of haustorial cell wall composition in two Orobanchaceae species. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, ME, USA , 05-AUG-12 - 10-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls,
Domozych DS, Andreas A, Sørensen I, Popper ZA, Pielach A, Fangel JU, Rose J, Willats WGT. (2012) Construction and organisation of the pectin domain of the cell wall in the unicellular green alga, Penium. [Poster Presentation], Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls, Colby College, ME, USA , 05-AUG-12 - 10-AUG-12. [Details]
(2012) Ryan Institute Launch and Symposium,
Leroux O, Pielach A, Raimundo S, Popper ZA. (2012) Plant and algal cell walls: structure and function. [Poster Presentation], Ryan Institute Launch and Symposium, NUI Galway , 10-JUL-12 - 10-JUL-12. [Details]
(2012) Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting,
Castilleux R, Popper ZA. (2012) Chara cell walls: diversity and biochemical characterisation. [Poster Presentation], Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting, National Botanic Gardens, Dublin , 01-MAY-12 - 02-MAY-12. [Details]
(2012) Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting,
Leroux O, Popper ZA. (2012) Collenchyma: a mechanical tissue with dynamic cell walls. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting, National Botanic Gardens, Dublin , 17-MAY-12 - 18-MAY-12. [Details]
(2012) Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting,
Pielach A, Popper ZA. (2012) Native hemiparasites - What’s on the menu? Immunocytochemical investigations of cell wall biochemistry at haustorial interfaces and implications for host quality. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting, National Botanic Gardens, Dublin , 17-MAY-12 - 18-MAY-12. [Details]
(2011) Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting,
Pielach A, Popper ZA. (2011) Native hemiparasites - What’s on the menu? Immunocytochemical investigations of cell wall biodiversity at the haustorial interfaces and implications for host quality. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientist’s Association Meeting, Queens University Belfast , 12-MAY-11 - 13-MAY-11. [Details]
(2011) NUI Galway Agribiosciences Cluster Mini-workshop on microalgae,
Popper ZA. (2011) Algal insights into cell walls. [Oral Presentation], NUI Galway Agribiosciences Cluster Mini-workshop on microalgae, NUI Galway , 12-SEP-11 - 12-SEP-11. [Details]
(2011) Ryan Institute Research Day,
Popper ZA, Michel G, Hervé C, Domozych DS, Willats WGT, Tuohy MG, Kloareg B, Stengel DB. (2011) Evolution and diversity of plant cell walls: from algae to flowering plants. [Poster Presentation], Ryan Institute Research Day, Galway , 01-SEP-11 - 01-SEP-11. [Details]
(2011) Irish Plant Scientists meeting,
Popper ZA, Michel G, Hervé C, Domozych DS, Willats WGT, Tuohy MG, Kloareg B, Stengel DB. (2011) Evolution and diversity of plant cell walls: from algae to flowering plants. [Poster Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists meeting, Queens University, Belfast , 02-SEP-11 - 03-SEP-11. [Details]
(2011) Ryan Institute Research Day,
Pielach A, Popper ZA. (2011) Native hemiparasites - What’s on the menu? Immunocytochemical investigations of cell wall biodiversity at the haustorial interfaces and implications for host quality. [Poster Presentation], Ryan Institute Research Day, NUI Galway , 01-SEP-11 - 01-SEP-11. [Details]
(2011) XIIth International Plant Cell Wall Meeting,
Popper, ZA (2011) Session on Plant cell wall evolution. [Chaired Session], XIIth International Plant Cell Wall Meeting, Porto , 09-JUL-11 - 13-JUL-12. [Details]
(2010) Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting,
Pielach A, Popper ZA. (2010) The impact of the hemi-parasite yellow rattle (Rhinanthus minor) on the floral diversity of East Connemara grassland and selected host grass species. [Poster Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting, Dublin , 02-APR-10 - 04-APR-10. [Details]
(2010) XIIth International Plant Cell Wall Meeting,
Popper ZA (2010) Similarities between Plant and Algal Cell Walls. [Oral Presentation], XIIth International Plant Cell Wall Meeting, Porto , 08-JUL-10 - 09-JUL-10. [Details]
(2010) College of Science Research day,
Pielach A, Popper ZA. (2010) The impact of the hemi-parasite yellow rattle (Rhinanthus minor) on the floral diversity of East Connemara grassland and selected host grass species. [Poster Presentation], College of Science Research day, NUI Galway , 02-APR-10 - 02-APR-10. [Details]
(2010) Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting,
Popper ZA. (2010) The Evolution of Cell Wall Polymers. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting, University College Dublin , 13-MAY-10 - 14-MAY-10. [Details]
(2010) 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress,
Popper ZA. (2010) The importance of Botanic Gardens contribution within undergraduate degree programmes - a preliminary investigation. [Poster Presentation], 4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress, Dublin , 29-JUL-10 - 30-JUL-10. [Details]
(2009) Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls,
Popper ZA. (2009) The Diversity of Plant Cell Walls. [Invited Oral Presentation], Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls, Bryant University, Smithfield, RI, USA , 13-JUL-09 - 18-SEP-09. [Details]
(2009) ECI research day,
Popper ZA. (2009) Evolution and diversity of green plant cell walls. [Poster Presentation], ECI research day, NUI Galway , 03-SEP-09 - 03-SEP-09. [Details]
(2009) Science Research Day,
Popper ZA. (2009) Evolution and Composition of primary cell walls. [Oral Presentation], Science Research Day, NUI Galway , 05-MAR-09 - 05-MAR-09. [Details]
(2008) Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting,
McCann A, Benanti G, Popper ZA. (2008) The presence of Arabinogalactan Proteins in Charophycean algae. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting, Maynooth , 05-MAY-08 - 06-MAY-08. [Details]
(2008) ECI research day,
McCann A, Popper ZA. (2008) Charophyte (stonewort) growth, development and survival. [Poster Presentation], ECI research day, NUI Galway , 07-MAR-08 - 07-MAR-08. [Details]
(2008) Cell Wall Biosynthesis 3,
Hahn MG, Rui J, Deng C, Tuomivaara S, Freshour G, Narra R, Pattathil S, Albert A, Swennes AG, Popper Z, Bootten T, O’Neill M, York WS (2008) New monoclonal antibodies against pectic and xyloglucan epitopes reveal distinct patterns of cell wall polysaccharide deposition in Arabidopsis thaliana. [Oral Presentation], Cell Wall Biosynthesis 3, Asilomar , 28-AUG-08 - 29-AUG-08. [Details]
(2007) 11th International Cell Wall Meeting,
McCann A, Benanti G, Knox JP, Popper ZA. (2007) The occurrence of arabinogalactan proteins in charophytes (stoneworts). [Poster Presentation], 11th International Cell Wall Meeting, Copenhagen , 08-JUL-07 - 13-JUL-07. [Details]
(2007) 1st International Fungal/Plant Cell Wall Meeting,
Tuomivaara S, Baldwin D, Albert A, Freshour G, Popper Z, Bootten T, Swennes AG, Davis R, Darvill A,O’Neill M, York W, Hahn MG. (2007) Structural and Immunological studies of pectins and hemicelluloses in plant cell walls. [Poster Presentation], 1st International Fungal/Plant Cell Wall Meeting, Biarritz , 03-SEP-07 - 07-SEP-07. [Details]
(2007) Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting,
Benanti G, McCann A, Popper ZA. (2007) The occurrence of arabinogalactan proteins in charophytes (stoneworts). [Poster Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting, Cork , 01-MAY-07 - 02-MAY-07. [Details]
(2006) Gordon Conference on Plant Cell Walls,
Sweenes AG, Bootten TJ, Popper ZA, Baldwin DF, Bryant SJ, Ezeoke I, Davis RH, Reddy C, Dong R, Rossi R, O'Neill MA, York WS, Hahn MG. (2006) A monoclonal antibody toolkit for the study of plant cell walls. [Chaired Session], Gordon Conference on Plant Cell Walls, University of New England, Biddeford, ME , 30-JUL-06 - 06-AUG-06. [Details]
(2006) American Society of Plant Biologists,
Hahn MG, Bootten TJ, Freshour G, O’Neill MA, Pattathil S, Popper ZA, Swennes A, York WS. (2006) Structural diversity and dynamics in the glycome of plant cell walls revealed using monoclonal antibodies. [Poster Presentation], American Society of Plant Biologists, USA , 09-JUL-06 - 14-JUL-06. [Details]
(2006) Meeting of the Society for Glycobiology,
Tuomivaara ST, Popper ZA, Bootten TJ, O’Neill MA, Freshour G, York WS, Hahn MG. (2006) Epitope characterisation of Tamarind xyloglucan reactive monoclonal antibodies. [Poster Presentation], Meeting of the Society for Glycobiology, Glycobiology , 16-JUL-06 - 21-JUL-06. [Details]
(2006) American Society of Plant Biologists,
Swennes AG, Bootten TJ, Popper ZA, Baldwin DF, Bryant SJ, Ezeoke I, Davis RH, Reddy C, Dong R, Rossi R, O’Neill MA, York WS, Hahn MG. (2006) A monoclonal antibody toolkit for the study of plant cell walls. [Poster Presentation], American Society of Plant Biologists, USA , 09-JUL-06 - 14-JUL-06. [Details]
(2006) Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting,
Popper ZA. (2006) Evolution and Diversity of the Primary Cell Wall in Green Plants. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting, Galway , 08-MAY-06 - 10-MAY-06. [Details]
(2006) Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting,
Marshall SA, Piggott CO, Sheehy-Skeffington M, Popper ZA, Tuohy MG. (2006) Biochemical analysis of aqueous extracts of two hedgerow fruits Rubus fruticosus agg. and Prunus spinosa. [Oral Presentation], Irish Plant Scientists’ Association Meeting, Galway , 08-MAY-06 - 10-MAY-06. [Details]
(2006) 8th International Congress of Plant Molecular Biology,
Hahn MG, Bootten T, Davis R, Dong R, Freshour G, O’Neill MA, Pattahtil S, Popper Z, Rossi R, Swennes A, York WS, Zhao H. (2006) Structural diversity and dynamics in the glycome of plant cell walls revealed using monoclonal antibodies. [Oral Presentation], 8th International Congress of Plant Molecular Biology, Adelaide, Australia , 04-SEP-06 - 08-SEP-06. [Details]
(2006) Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls,
Hahn MG, Bootten T, Freshour G, O’Neill MA, Pattahtil S, Popper Z, Swennes A, York WS. (2006) Structural diversity and dynamics in the glycome of plant cell walls revealed using monoclonal antibodies. [Oral Presentation], Gordon Research Conference - Plant Cell Walls, University of New England, Biddeford, ME , 10-JUL-06 - 14-JUL-06. [Details]
(2005) Biosynthesis of Plant Cell Walls 2nd Meeting,
Hahn MG, Boons J-G, Bootten TJ, Chafin DL, Davis RH, Freshour G, King CS, O’Neill MA, Pattathil S, Popper ZA, York WS, Zhao H. (2005) A monoclonal antibody toolkit for functional genomics of plant cell walls. [Poster Presentation], Biosynthesis of Plant Cell Walls 2nd Meeting, Asilomar , 03-AUG-05 - 05-AUG-05. [Details]
(2005) Biosynthesis of Plant Cell Walls 2nd Meeting,
Popper ZA, O’Neill MA, Bootten TJ, York WS, Chafin DL, Hahn MG. (2005) Production of antigens for the generation of monoclonal antibodies against plant cell wall polysaccharides. [Poster Presentation], Biosynthesis of Plant Cell Walls 2nd Meeting, Asilomar , 03-AUG-05 - 05-AUG-05. [Details]
(2004) 10th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Popper ZA and Fry SC. (2004) Occurrence and metabolism of xyloglucan-rhamnogalacturonan-I complexes. [Oral Presentation], 10th International Cell Wall Meeting, Sorrento , 05-JUL-04 - 09-JUL-04. [Details]
(2004) Scottish Cell Wall Group 14th Annual Meeting,
Popper ZA. (2004) Towards elucidation of the structure of xyloglucan-rhamnogalacturonan-I complexes. [Oral Presentation], Scottish Cell Wall Group 14th Annual Meeting, Glasgow , 03-MAY-04 - 04-MAY-04. [Details]
(2003) British Bryological Society Meeting,
Popper ZA, Sadler IH, Fry SC. (2003) Evolution and Composition of Bryophyte Primary Cell Walls. [Oral Presentation], British Bryological Society Meeting, Queen Mary College, London , 28-AUG-03 - 30-AUG-03. [Details]
(2003) Scottish Cell Wall Group 13th Annual Meeting,
Popper ZA. (2003) Synthesis of a covalent linkage between xyloglucan and acidic pectins in suspension-cultured Arabidopsis cells. [Oral Presentation], Scottish Cell Wall Group 13th Annual Meeting, Dundee , 08-MAY-03 - 09-MAY-03. [Details]
(2003) Scottish Plant Biology Meeting,
Popper ZA. (2003) Evidence for the widespread occurrence of a covalent linkage between xyloglucan and acidic pectins in suspension-cultured angiosperm cells. [Poster Presentation], Scottish Plant Biology Meeting, Glasgow , 01-MAY-03 - 02-MAY-03. [Details]
(2002) Scottish Cell Wall Group 12th Annual Meeting,
Popper ZA. (2002) Evidence for the widespread occurrence of a covalent linkage between xyloglucan and acidic pectins in suspension-cultured angiosperm cells. [Oral Presentation], Scottish Cell Wall Group 12th Annual Meeting, Paisley , 02-MAY-02 - 03-MAY-02. [Details]
(2001) 9th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Popper ZA and Fry SC. (2001) Evolution and diversity of the primary cell wall in green plants. [Poster Presentation], 9th International Cell Wall Meeting, Toulouse , 06-AUG-01 - 13-JUL-01. [Details]
(2000) Scottish Cell Wall Group 10th Annual Meeting,
Popper ZA. (2000) Evolution and Diversity of Plant Cell Walls. [Oral Presentation], Scottish Cell Wall Group 10th Annual Meeting, Edinburgh , 04-MAY-00 - 05-MAY-00. [Details]
(1999) Scottish Cell Wall Group 11th Annual Meeting,
Popper ZA. (1999) Is mixed-linkage glucan unique to gramineous monocots?. [Poster Presentation], Scottish Cell Wall Group 11th Annual Meeting, Glasgow , 01-APR-99 - 02-APR-99. [Details]
(1998) 8th International Cell Wall Meeting,
Popper ZA and Fry SC. (1998) Evolution of plant cell wall polysaccharides: Algae to Angiosperms. [Poster Presentation], 8th International Cell Wall Meeting, Norwich , 06-JUL-98 - 10-JUL-98. [Details]
(1998) Scottish Cell Wall Group 8th Annual Meeting,
Popper ZA. (1998) Primary plant cell wall composition in relation to the evolution of green plants. [Poster Presentation], Scottish Cell Wall Group 8th Annual Meeting, Dundee , 06-APR-98 - 08-APR-98. [Details]

Committees

  Committee Function From / To
EPSO Working Group on Outreach and Public Dialogue (2011-2013) Member 01-JAN-11 / 31-DEC-13
Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) http://publicationethics.org/ Member /
Diversitas (http://www.diversitas-international.org/) Elected national member /

Employment

  Employer Position From / To
NUI Galway Permanent Lecturer in Plant Science (above the bar): School of Natural Sciences, The National University of Ireland, Galway. 28-FEB-11 /
NUI Galway Permanent Lecturer in Plant Science (below the bar): School of Natural Sciences, 31-OCT-08 / 28-FEB-11
NUI Galway Fixed-term lecturer, Botany 01-JAN-06 / 31-OCT-08
University of Athens, Georgia, USA Post-doctoral Researcher 01-JAN-05 / 31-DEC-05
University of Edinburgh Post-doctoral Researcher 02-JUL-01 / 01-DEC-05
Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh Researcher 04-JUN-07 / 26-SEP-08

Education

  Year Institution Qualification Subject
2001 University of Edinburgh PhD Cell wall biochemistry and evolution
1997 University of Edinburgh BSc (Hons) Plant Science

Other Activities

  Description

Invited lectures: University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France; University of Tromsø, Norway; TULIP (INRA/CNRS) Summer School, Ramonjuan, France; Edinburgh University, UK; NUI Galway Botany Society; Royal Holloway, University of London, UK; University of Rouen, France; ITQB, Lisbon, Portugal; University College Dublin, Ireland;  Trinity College Dublin, Ireland; Max Planck Institut für Pflanzenphysiologie, Gölm, Germany

Journal editing: Member of editorial board of: Molecular Biotechnology (2008-present), Annals of Botany (2010-present), Plants (2011-2014), BMC Plant Biology (2014-present).Co-edited Special Issue of Annals of Botany (published Oct 2014) focussed on Plant and Algal cell wall diversity with D.S. Domozych and M.-C. Ralet.  Journal review board:   Member of peer review board for Journal of Visualised Experiments (2011-present)

Book review: reviewed book proposal on scientific writing for undergraduate students for Palgrave publishers Ltd (2015).

Journal refereeing for: Acta Biologica Cracoviensia, Algal Research, Annals of Botany, Applications in Plant Sciences, BMC Plant Biology, Carbohydrate Research, Database, Ecology, Ecology and Evolution, Frontiers in Plant Physiology, Journal of Bryology, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Journal of Applied Phycology, Journal of Phycology, Journal of Visualized Experiments, Molecular Biotechnology, Molecular Plant, Nature Protocols, New Phytologist, New Zealand Journal of Forestry Research, Phytochemistry (UK and USA), Phytotaxa, Plant Biology, Plant, Cell and Environment, Plant Journal, Plant Methods, Plant Physiology, Plant Signalling and Behaviour, PLoS ONE, Science, Trends in Plant Science, Zeitschrift für Naturforschung

Membership: British Phycological Society (2015-present), Society for Experimental Biology (2011-present); University contact for NUI Galway (2012-present),  American Society of Plant Biologists (2010-present), Botanic Gardens Education Network (2009-present),  Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society (2008-present),  European Plant Science Organisation (EPSO; Institutional membership)

External examiner (PhD): opponent for the defence of 4 students UK, NZ, Norway, France

Outreach:The Garden Marathon, Serpentine Gallery, London, 2011. Provided scientific advice and plant identifications for Jef Geys exhibition (in collaboration with Dr Micheline Sheehy Skeffington and Anna Pielach).Fascination of Plants Day (May 18th 2012, 2013, 2015 http://www.plantday12.eu/). National coordinator for all events in Ireland including involving other members of the scientific community at a national level, giving advice and reporting back to the International coordinators. At a local level organised a series of events including a national photography competition and exhibition, a plant-inspired art exhibition, storytelling (attended by ~70 school children) and tree climbing (http://fascinationofplants.blogspot.com). The events were reported in 4 local newspapers and on 2 radio stations

Teaching Interests

  • Plant and algal evolution
  • Plant and algal physiology
  • Plant and algal biochemistry

Modules Taught

  Term/Year Module Title Module Code Subject / Desc
1st year: Semester 1 BO101/BO111: 1st year Biology
2nd year: Semester 1 BT208: Aquatic Plant Science
3rd year: Semester 2 BT318: Applications of Plamt Science in Biotechnology and Ecology
3rd year: Semester 2 BT312: Applied Aquatic Plant Science
4th year: Semester 1 BT416: Plant Evolution and Cell Biology