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About NUI Galway
About NUI Galway
Since 1845, NUI Galway has been sharing the highest quality teaching and research with Ireland and the world. Find out what makes our University so special – from our distinguished history to the latest news and campus developments.
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Colleges & Schools
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At NUI Galway, we believe that the best learning takes place when you apply what you learn in a real world context. That's why many of our courses include work placements or community projects.
Dr. Robin Raine M.SC., Ph.D.,
|Dr. Robin Raine has been researching marine Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in Irish waters for over 20
years. these blloms cause enormous economic hardship to the shellfish production industry. He has developed hypotheses and models for the onset of toxic
dinoflagellate blooms around the Irish coastline, particularly for the
important aquaculture production areas of southwest Ireland and Cork
Harbour. Between 2003 and 2010 he has been involved in GEOHAB (Global
Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms, the SCOR-IOC-UNESCO
project on harmful algae), being nominated onto the GEOHAB Scientific
Steering Committee in 2003 and becoming its chairman in 2006.
This work has developed from an over-riding interest in the relationship between phytoplankton dynamics and physical oceanography in waters overlying the continental shelf.
|Georgina McDermott and Robin Raine (2006) The Dinoflagellate Genus Ceratium in Irish Shelf Seas. Galway, Ireland: Martin Ryan Institute. [Details]|
|Patching, J.W. and R. Raine. (1983) 'Benthic metabolism and the supply of organic material to the sea bed' In: A.G. MacDonald and I.G. Priede (eds). Experimental Biology at Sea. London: Academic Press. [Details]|
|Raine, R., Joyce, B., Bentley, T., Patching, J.W. and P.J. leB Williams. (2002) 'Nutrient Fluxes in Estuaries' In: F. Convery and J. Feehan (eds). Achievement and Challenge. Dublin: Unoversity College Dublin. [Details]|
|McDermott, G. and R. Raine (2010) 'The settlement bottle method for quantitative phytoplankton analysis' In: B. Karlson, C. Cusack and E. Bresnan (eds). Microscopic and Molecular Methods for Quantitative Phytoplankton Analysis. Paris: UNESCO. [Details]|
Peer Reviewed Journals
|RAINE, RCT (1983) 'THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN SUPPLY ON THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC QUOTIENT OF NATURAL PHYTOPLANKTON ASSEMBLAGES'. Botanica Marina, 26 :417-423. [Details]|
|RAINE, R,OMAHONY, J,MCMAHON, T,RODEN, C (1990) 'HYDROGRAPHY AND PHYTOPLANKTON OF WATERS OFF SOUTH-WEST IRELAND'. Estuarine Coastal And Shelf Science, 30 :579-592. [Details]|
|RAINE, RCT,COONEY, JJ,COUGHLAN, MF,PATCHING, JW (1990) 'TOXICITY OF NUVAN AND DICHLOROVOS TOWARDS MARINE-PHYTOPLANKTON'. Botanica Marina, 33 :533-537. [Details]|
|Raine, R,McMahon, T (1998) 'Physical dynamics on the continental shelf off southwestern Ireland and their influence on coastal phytoplankton blooms'. Continental Shelf Research, 18 . [Details]|
|Muylaert, K. and Raine, R (1999) 'Import, mortality and accumulation of coastal phytoplankton in a partially mixed estuary (Kinsale Harbour, Ireland'. Hydrobiologia, 412 :53-65. [Details]|
|Raine, R,O'Boyle, S,O'Higgins, T,White, M,Patching, J,Cahill, B,McMahon, T (2001) 'A satellite and field portrait of a Karenia mikimotoi bloom off the south coast of Ireland, August 1998'. Hydrobiologia, 465 :187-193. [Details]|
|Ediger, D., Raine, R., Weeks, A.R., Robinson, I.S. and Sagan, S (2001) 'Pigment signatures of phytoplankton communities in Irish Shelf seas'. Journal Of Plankton Research, 23 :893-902. [Details]|
|Raine, R,White, M,Dodge, JD (2002) 'The summer distribution of net plankton dinoflagellates and their relation to water movements in the NE Atlantic Ocean, west of Ireland'. Journal Of Plankton Research, 24 :1131-1147. [Details]|
|Cusack, C., Bates, S.S., Quilliam, M.A., Patching, J.W. and Raine, R. (2002) 'Confirmation of domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia australis (Bacillariophyceae) isolated from Irish waters'. Journal Of Phycology, 38 :1106-1112. [Details]|
|Cusack, C., Patching, J.W. and Raine, R (2004) 'Species of the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia Peragello in Irish waters'. Biology And Environment-Proceedings Of The Royal Irish Academy, 104 :55-74. [Details]|
|Pemberton, K., Rees, A.P., Miller, P.I., Raine, R. and I. Joint (2004) 'The influence of water body characteristics on phytoplankton diversity and production in the Celtic Sea'. Continental Shelf Research, 24 :2011-2028. [Details]|
|Gentien, P., Donaghay, P., Yamazaki, H., Raine, R., Reguera, B. and T. Osborn (2005) 'Harmful algal blooms in stratified environments'. Oceanography, 18 (2):172-183. [Details]|
|Higgins, T., Colleran, E and Raine, R. (2006) 'Transition from P- to N-limited phytoplankton growth in an artificial lake on flooded cutaway peatland in Ireland'. Applied Vegetation Science, 9 :223-230. [Details]|
|Fernand, L., Nolan, G.D., Raine, R., Chambers, C.E., Dye, S.R., White, M., and J. Brown. (2006) 'The Irish coastal current: A seasonal jet-like circulation'. Continental Shelf Research, 26 :1775-1793. [Details]|
|Touzet, N., Franco, J.M. and R. Raine. (2007) 'Characterisation of non-toxic and toxin producing populations of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) in Irish coastal waters'. Applied And Environmental Microbiology, 73 :3333-3342. [Details]|
|Touzet, N., Franco, J.M. and R. Raine (2007) 'Influence of inorganic nutrition on growth and PSP toxin production of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Cork Harbour, Ireland'. Toxicon, 50 :106-119. [Details]|
|Touzet, N. and R. Raine (2007) 'Discrimination of Alexandrium andersoni and A. minutum (Dinophyceae) using LSU rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes and fluorescent whole cell hybridization'. Phycologia, 46 :168-177. [Details]|
|O'Boyle, S. and R. Raine (2007) 'The influence of local and regional oceanographic processes on phytoplankton distribution in continental shelf waters off northwestern Ireland'. Biology And Environment (Proc R Ir Acad, Ser B), 107 :95-109. [Details]|
|Touzet, N., Franco, J.M. and R. Raine. (2008) 'Morphogenetic diversity and biotoxin composition of Alexandrium in Irish waters'. Harmful Algae, 7 :782-797. [Details]|
|Velo-Suarez, L., Gonzalez-Gil, S., Gentien, P., Lunven, M., Bechemin, C., Fernand, L., Raine, R., and B. Reguera. (2008) 'Thin layers of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and the fate of Dinophysis acuminata during an upwelling-downwelling cycle in a Galician Ria'. Limnology And Oceanography, 53 (5):1816-1834. [Details]|
|Hill, A.E., Brown, J., Fernand, L., Holt, J.T., Horsburgh, K.J. Proctor, R., Raine, R. and W.R. Turrell. (2008) 'Thermohaline circulation of shallow tidal seas'. Geophysical Research Letters, 35 (11). [DOI] [Details]|
|Glibert, P.M., Raine, R. and 55 others (2008) 'Ocean urea fertilisation for carbon credits poses high ecological risks'. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56 :1049-1056. [Details]|
|Touzet, N., Franco, J.M. and R. Raine. (2008) 'PSP toxin analysis and discrimination of the naturally co-occurring Alexandrium tamarense and A. minutum in Cork Harbour, Ireland'. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 51 :285-299. [Details]|
|Touzet, N., Keady, E., Raine, R. and M. Maher. (2009) 'Evaluation of taxa-specific Real-Tme PCR, whole cell FISH and morphotaxonomy analyses for the detection and quantification of the toxic microalgae Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae), Global Clade ribotype'. Fems Microbiology Ecology, 51 :285-299. [Details]|
|Touzet, N., H. Farrell, H., Ní Rathaille, A., Rodriguez, P. Alfonso, A. Botana, L.M. and R. Raine (2010) 'Dynamics of co-occurring Alexandrium minutum (Global Clade) and A. tamarense (West European) (Dinophyceae) during a summer bloom in Cork Harbour, Ireland (2006)'. Deep Sea Research, 57 :268-278. [Details]|
|Raine, R,McDermott, G,Silke, J,Lyons, K,Nolan, G,Cusack, C (2010) 'A simple short range model for the prediction of harmful algal events in the bays of southwestern Ireland'. Journal Of Marine Systems, 83 :150-157. [DOI] [Details]|
|Touzet, N., Davidson, K., Pete, R., Flanagan, K., McCoy, G.R., Amzil, Z., Maher, M., Chapelle, A. and R. Raine. (2010) 'Co-occurrence of the West European (Gr. III) and North American (Gr. I) ribotypes of Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae) in Shetland, Scotland'. Protist, 161 . [Details]|
|Touzet, N., Lacaze, J.P., Maher, M. Turrel, E. and R. Raine. (2011) 'Summer dynamics of Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) and spirolide toxins in Cork Harbour, Ireland'. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 425 :21-33. [Details]|
|Ní Rathaille, A. and R. Raine (2011) 'Seasonality in the excystment of Alexandrium minutum and Alexandrium tamarense in Irish Coastal waters'. Harmful Algae, 10 :629-635. [Details]|
|Reguera, B., Velo-Suarez, L., Raine, R. and M.G. Park (2012) 'Harmful Dinophysis species: a review'. Harmful Algae, 14 :87-106. [Details]|
|Farrell, H., Gentien, P., Fernand, M., Lunven, M., Reguera, B., Gonzales-Gil, S. and R. Raine. (2012) 'Scales characterising a thin layer of Dinophysis acuta Ehrenburg and its transport within a coastal jet'. Harmful Algae, 15 :36-46. [Details]|
|RAINE, R et al. (1993) THE DEVELOPMENT OF A BLOOM OF THE DINOFLAGELLATE [GYRODINIUM-AUREOLUM (HULBERT)] ON THE SOUTH-WEST IRISH COAST ICES JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE , pp.461-469 [Details]|