Dr Sandra Galvin B.Sc.,PhD
| In 2005 I completed my undergraduate degree in Microbiology from University College Cork after which I commenced my PhD in the Discipline of Bacteriology, School of Medicine, NUI Galway. The main focus of my doctoral research was the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial pathogens.
In 2010, I joined the Department of Clinical Microbiology in the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (Beaumont Hospital, Dublin). During this time I was involved in monitoring nosocomial outbreaks of multi-resistant bacterial pathogens and investigating the role of the wider environment in their spread.
I joined the Discipline of General Practice in April 2012, as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow on the SIMPle study (which is funded by the Health Research Board of Ireland. Our goal was to design and implement a complex intervention with GPs in the west of Ireland to improve antimicrobial prescribing for urinary tract infections (UTI) in general practice. We aim to improve how antimicrobials are selected in the context of a UTI and also reduce the amount of antimicrobials that are consumed in the community.
| Current Postdoctoral Research:
I am currently working in the Discipline of General Practice, School of Medicine, NUIG (2012 - 2015) as a postdoctoral research fellow. My current research is funded by the Health Research Board under the Interdisciplinary Capacity Enhancement program. The aim of this research award is to increase capacity in population health and provide a training framework for postdoctoral researchers. The research project will involve the design and implementation of a complex intervention with GP's in the west of Ireland with regard to antimicrobial prescribing. This research is being carried out by a multidisciplinary scheme that includes the areas of Social Marketing and Health Economics.
Central to this research is the issue of the development of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial pathogens. Appropriate and prudent use of antimicrobials can assist in curbing the spread of resistance in bacterial populations. Urinary tract infections are a common presentation at GP's and may require antimicrobial treatment. The proposed intervention will involve multiple components to create sustainable behavioral change.
Previous Postdoctoral Research:
In 2010, I joined the Department of Clinical Microbiology in the Royal College of Surgeons as a postdoctoral researcher and was based in Beaumont Hospital Dublin. In this role, I investigated the environmental spread of common multiresistant bacterial pathogens. As I worked directly with the Infection Prevention and Control Team, this research provided direct benefits to the patient and provided a greater insight into the effects of environmental contamination.
I was also involved in evaluating the effects of various bio-decontamination systems for routine use within the hospital setting, including hydrogen peroxide and the development of a novel plasma bio-decontamination system.
My PhD research was carried out in the Discipline of Bacteriology, School of Medicine, NUIG (2006 - 2010). I investigated the role of the wider aquatic environment in the spread of multiresistant bacterial pathogens that represent faecal contamination of water supplies. I also used molecular epidemiological methods to investigate the spread of these pathogens in various water systems such as rivers, bathing waters and effluent. This research highlighted the high proportion of multiresistant bacteria present in hospital effluent and the ability for these organisms to survive waste water treatment.
Peer Reviewed Journals
|N. O'Connor, O. Cahill, S. Daniels, S. Galvin, H. Humphreys (2014) 'Cold atmospheric pressure plasma and decontamination. Can it contribute to preventing hospital-acquired infections?'. Journal Of Hospital Infection, 88 (2). [Details]|
|Claro, T; Galvin, S; Cahill, O.J.; Daniels, S; Humphreys, H; (2014) 'What is the best method? Recovery of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli from inanimate hospital surfaces'. Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America, . [Details]|
|Duane, S; Callan, A; Galvin, S; Murphy, AW; Domegan, C; O’Shea, E; Cormican, M; Bennett, K; O’Donnell, M; Vellinga, A; (2014) 'Supporting the Improvement and Management of Prescribing for urinary tract infections (SIMPle): Protocol for a randomised control trial'. Trials, 14 . [DOI] [Details]|
|Creamer, E; Shore, AC; Deasy, EC; Galvin, S; Dolan, A; Walley, N; McHugh, S; Fitzgerald-Hughes, D; Sullivan, DJ; Cunney, R; Coleman, DC; Humphreys, H; (2014) 'Dispersal patterns of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on eight acute hospital wards'. Journal Of Hospital Infection, 86 :1-27. [Details]|
|Galvin, S; Bergin, N; Hennessy, R; Hanahoe, B; Murphy, AW; Cormican, M; Vellinga, A; (2013) 'Exploratory spatial analysis of the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in E. coli in the community”'. The Journal of antibiotics, 2 (3):328-338. [DOI] [Details]|
|Galvin, S; Cahill, O; O'Connor, N; Cafolla, AA; Daniels, S; Humphreys, H; (2013) 'The antimicrobial effects of helium and helium-air plasma on Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile'. Letters In Applied Microbiology, 57 (2):83-90. [DOI] [Details]|
|Judge, C; Galvin, S; Burke, L; Thomas, T; Humphreys, H; Fitzgerald-Hughes, D: (2013) 'Search and you will find: detecting extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae from a patient's immediate environment'. Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America, 34 (5):534-536. [Details]|
|Galvin, S. Moore, J. Humphreys, H. (2012) 'Reply: Evaluation of chromogenic meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus media: sensitivity versus turnaround time'. Journal Of Hospital Infection, . [Details]|
|Galvin, S. Dolan, A. Cahill, O. Daniels, S. Humphreys, H. (2012) 'Microbial monitoring of the hospital environment: Why and How?'. Journal Of Hospital Infection, . [Details]|
|Creamer, E. Galvin, S. Dolan, A. Sherlock, O. Dimitrov, B. D. Fitzgerald-Hughes, D. Thomas, T. Walsh, J. Moore, J. Smyth, E. G. Shore, A. C. Sullivan, D. Kinnevey, P. O'Lorcain, P. Cunney, R. Coleman, D. C. Humphreys, H. (2012) 'Evaluation of screening risk and nonrisk patients for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus on admission in an acute care hospital'. Journal Of Hospital Infection, . [Details]|
|Galvin, S. Boyle, M. Russell, R. J. Coleman, D. C. Creamer, E. O'Gara, J. P. Fitzgerald-Hughes, D. Humphreys, H. (2011) 'Evaluation of vaporized hydrogen peroxide, Citrox and pH neutral Ecasol for decontamination of an enclosed area: a pilot study'. Journal Of Hospital Infection, . [Details]|
|Morris, D. Galvin, S. Boyle, F. Hickey, P. Mulligan, M. Cormican, M. (2011) 'Enterococcus faecium of the vanA genotype in rural drinking water, effluent, and the aqueous environment'. Applied And Environmental Microbiology, . [Details]|
|Galvin, S,Boyle, F,Hickey, P,Vellinga, A,Morris, D,Cormican, M (2010) 'Enumeration and Characterization of Antimicrobial-Resistant Escherichia coli Bacteria in Effluent from Municipal, Hospital, and Secondary Treatment Facility Sources'. Applied And Environmental Microbiology, 76 :4772-4779. [DOI] [Details]|